About Sore Throats
The throat runs from the back of the mouth to the top of the respiratory and digestive tracts, and has three main parts - the tonsils, pharynx and larynx.
You could think of it as the main highway for air, dust and food but with a filter lane for any bacteria, viruses and other irritants that may have gotten on the road.
The throat is designed to capture these irritants and filter them out before they can cause further havoc. This process can result in an inflamed throat or throat infection. Sore throats are common, especially in children and teenagers, largely because young people have not built up their immunity (resistance) against many of the viruses and bacteria that can cause sore throats.
Causes of a Sore Throat
A sore throat is often a sign that you may have an infection in the area, but there are other things that can also irritate the throat, causing redness and swelling.
These include cigarette smoke, a polluted environment, voice strain or even changes in air temperature.
There are many sore throat and throat infection symptoms, such as that nasty raspiness, pain when swallowing, and a sudden husky voice.
Other symptoms that may also accompany throat pain are:
- A runny nose
- Swollen glands
- A headache
- Muscle aches & pains
- A cough
- Throat problems, such as inflammation (redness and swelling)
The good news is there are many sore throat remedies out there. There are medications that can help soothe the pain. Medicated lozenges can provide effective temporary sore throat relief on the go. Look for a lozenge that has pain-numbing ingredients such benzocaine and menthol. Some lozenges have antibacterial ingredients to kill sore throat bacteria.